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14C Calibration Curve

Usage

c14_curve(name, ...)

# S4 method for character
c14_curve(name)

# S4 method for CalibratedAges
c14_curve(name)

Arguments

name

A character vector naming calibration curves (see details).

...

Currently not used.

Value

A list of three-column data.frame:

CALBPCalibrated age BP
AGEUncalibrated radiocarbon age
ERRORStandard deviation

Details

The following calibration curves are available:

CurveReference
bomb04NH1Hua and Barbetti 2004
bomb04NH2Hua and Barbetti 2004
bomb04NH3Hua and Barbetti 2004
bomb04SHHua and Barbetti 2004
bomb13nh1Hua, Berbetti and Rakowski 2013
bomb13nh2Hua, Berbetti and Rakowski 2013
bomb13nh3Hua, Berbetti and Rakowski 2013
bomb13sh12Hua, Berbetti and Rakowski 2013
bomb13sh3Hua, Berbetti and Rakowski 2013
bomb21nh1Hua et al. 2022
bomb21nh2Hua et al. 2022
bomb21nh3Hua et al. 2022
bomb21sh12Hua et al. 2022
bomb21sh3Hua et al. 2022
cariaco04Hughen et al. 2004
intcal04Reimer et al. 2004
intcal09Reimer et al. 2009
intcal13Reimer et al. 2013
intcal20Reimer et al. 2020
intcal98Stuiver et al. 1998
Kueppers04Kueppers et al. 2004
marine04Hughen et al. 2004
marine09Reimer et al. 2009
marine13Reimer et al. 2013
marine20Heaton et al. 2020
marine98Stuiver, Reimer and Braziunas 1998
shcal04McCormac et al. 2004
shcal13Hogg et al. 2013
shcal20Hogg et al. 2020

References

Heaton, Timothy J, Peter Köhler, Martin Butzin, Edouard Bard, Ron W Reimer, William E N Austin, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, et al. (2020). Marine20 The Marine Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curve (0-55,000 Cal BP). Radiocarbon, 62(4): 779-820. doi:10.1017/RDC.2020.68 .

Hogg, Alan G, Timothy J Heaton, Quan Hua, Jonathan G Palmer, Chris SM Turney, John Southon, Alex Bayliss, et al. (2020). SHCal20 Southern Hemisphere Calibration, 0-55,000 Years Cal BP. Radiocarbon, 62(4): 759-78. doi:10.1017/RDC.2020.59 .

Hogg, Alan G, Quan Hua, Paul G Blackwell, Mu Niu, Caitlin E Buck, Thomas P Guilderson, Timothy J Heaton, et al. (2013). SHCal13 Southern Hemisphere Calibration, 0-50,000 Years Cal BP. Radiocarbon, 55(4): 1889-1903. doi:10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16783 .

Hua, Quan, and Mike Barbetti (2004). Review of Tropospheric Bomb 14C Data for Carbon Cycle Modeling and Age Calibration Purposes. Radiocarbon, 46(3): 1273-1298. doi:10.1017/S0033822200033142 .

Hua, Quan, Mike Barbetti, and Andrzej Z Rakowski (2013). Atmospheric Radiocarbon for the Period 1950-2010. Radiocarbon, 55(4): 2059‑2072. doi:10.2458/azu_js_rc.v55i2.16177 .

Hua, Quan, Jocelyn C Turnbull, Guaciara M Santos, Andrzej Z Rakowski, Santiago Ancapichún, Ricardo De Pol-Holz, Samuel Hammer, et al. (2022). Atmospheric Radiocarbon for the Period 1950-2019. Radiocarbon, 64(4): 723‑745. doi:10.1017/RDC.2021.95 .

Hughen, K., S. Lehman, J. Southon, J. Overpeck, O. Marchal, C. Herring, and J. Turnbull (2004). 14C Activity and Global Carbon Cycle Changes over the Past 50,000 Years. Science, 303(5655): 202‑207. doi:10.1126/science.1090300 .

Hughen, Konrad A, Mike G L Baillie, Edouard Bard, J Warren Beck, Chanda J H Bertrand, Paul G Blackwell, Caitlin E Buck, et al. (2004). Marine04 Marine Radiocarbon Age Calibration, 0-26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon, 46(3): 1059‑1086. doi:10.1017/S0033822200033002 .

Kueppers, Lara M., John Southon, Paul Baer, and John Harte (2004). Dead Wood Biomass and Turnover Time, Measured by Radiocarbon, along a Subalpine Elevation Gradient. Oecologia, 141(4): 641‑651. doi:10.1007/s00442-004-1689-x .

McCormac, F G, A G Hogg, P G Blackwell, C E Buck, T F G Higham, and P J Reimer (2004). Shcal04 Southern Hemisphere Calibration, 0-11.0 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon, 46(3): 1087‑1092. doi:10.1017/S0033822200033014 .

Reimer, P J, M G L Baillie, E Bard, A Bayliss, J W Beck, P G Blackwell, C Bronk Ramsey, et al. (2009). IntCal09 and Marine09 Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curves, 0-50,000 Years cal BP. Radiocarbon, 51(4): 1111‑1150. doi:10.1017/S0033822200034202 .

Reimer, Paula J, William E N Austin, Edouard Bard, Alex Bayliss, Paul G Blackwell, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Martin Butzin, et al. (2020). The IntCal20 Northern Hemisphere Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curve (0-55 cal kBP). Radiocarbon, 62(4): 725‑757. doi:10.1017/RDC.2020.41 .

Reimer, Paula J, Mike G L Baillie, Edouard Bard, Alex Bayliss, J Warren Beck, Chanda J H Bertrand, Paul G Blackwell, et al. (2004). Intcal04 Terrestrial Radiocarbon Age Calibration, 0-26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon, 46(3): 1029‑1058. doi:10.1017/S0033822200032999 .

Reimer, Paula J, Edouard Bard, Alex Bayliss, J Warren Beck, Paul G Blackwell, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Caitlin E Buck, et al. (2013). IntCal13 and Marine13 Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curves 0-50,000 Years cal BP. Radiocarbon, 55(4): 1869‑1887. doi:10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16947 .

Stuiver, Minze, Paula J. Reimer, Edouard Bard, J. Warren Beck, G. S. Burr, Konrad A. Hughen, Bernd Kromer, Gerry McCormac, Johannes van der Plicht, and Marco Spurk (1998). INTCAL98 Radiocarbon Age Calibration, 24,000-0 cal BP. Radiocarbon, 40(3): 1041‑1083. doi:10.1017/S0033822200019123 .

Stuiver, Minze, Paula J. Reimer, and Thomas F. Braziunas. (1998). High-Precision Radiocarbon Age Calibration for Terrestrial and Marine Samples. Radiocarbon, 40(3): 1127‑1151. doi:10.1017/S0033822200019172 .

See also

Author

N. Frerebeau

Examples

## IntCal20
intcal20 <- c14_curve("intcal20")
head(intcal20[[1]])
#>   CALBP   AGE ERROR
#> 1 55000 50100  1024
#> 2 54980 50081  1018
#> 3 54960 50063  1013
#> 4 54940 50043  1007
#> 5 54920 50027  1003
#> 6 54900 50009   997

## IntCal
intcal <- c14_curve(c("intcal09", "intcal13", "intcal20"))
lapply(X = intcal, FUN = head)
#> $intcal09
#>   CALBP   AGE ERROR
#> 1 50000 46400   415
#> 2 49900 46316   410
#> 3 49800 46229   403
#> 4 49700 46135   396
#> 5 49600 46036   389
#> 6 49500 45933   380
#> 
#> $intcal13
#>   CALBP   AGE ERROR
#> 1 50000 46401   274
#> 2 49980 46381   273
#> 3 49960 46362   271
#> 4 49940 46343   270
#> 5 49920 46324   269
#> 6 49900 46305   268
#> 
#> $intcal20
#>   CALBP   AGE ERROR
#> 1 55000 50100  1024
#> 2 54980 50081  1018
#> 3 54960 50063  1013
#> 4 54940 50043  1007
#> 5 54920 50027  1003
#> 6 54900 50009   997
#>